Definitions

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Definitions

ROAD NETWORKS

Motorways

"Motorway is a road specially designed and built for motor traffic, which does not serve properties bordering on it, and which:

a) Is provided, except at special points or temporarily, with separate carriageways for the two directions of traffic, separated from each other, either by a dividing strip not intended for traffic, or exceptionally by other means;

b) Has no crossing at the same level with any road, railway of tramway track, or footpath;

c) Is specially sign-posted as a motorway and is reserved for specific categories of road motor vehicles. Entry and exit lanes of motorways are included irrespective of the location of the sign-posts. Urban motorways are also included."

Highways, Main or National Roads

Highways, main, or national roads include kilometer length of A-level roads. A-level roads are roads outside urban areas that are not motorways but belong to the top-level road network. A-level roads are characterized by a comparatively high-quality standard, either nondivided roads with oncoming traffic or similar to motorways. In most countries, these roads are financed by the federal or national government.

Secondary or Regional Roads

Kilometer length of roads that are the main feeder routes into - and provide the main links among - highways, main roads, or national roads.

Other Roads - Urban

Length of roads within the boundaries of a built-up area, which is an area with entries and exists specially identified by signposts as such. Urban roads often have a maximum speed limit of around 50 km/h. Excluded are motorways and other roads of higher speed traversing the built-up area, if not sign-posted as built-up roads. Streets are included.

Other Roads - Rural

Length of all remaining roads in a country not included in categories listed above.

Paved Roads

Length of all roads that are surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete or with cobblestones.

ROAD TRAFFIC

Traffic Volume

Weighted average daily flow of each vehicle type on each category of the road network, as determined from regular national stratified, classified traffic counts. If counts are not available, traffic volume is estimated by dividing the annual consumption of motor vehicle fuel (in liters) used in the country by the number of vehicles in each category. The result is then multiplied by the average number of km/litre for that category.

Vehicle-kilometre (Vehicle-Km)

Unit of measurement representing the movement of a road vehicle over one kilometre.

Passenger cars

Road motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver). "Passenger car" includes microcars (needing no permit to be driven), taxis, vans designed for transport of passengers and passenger hire cars, provided that they have fewer than ten seats.

Buses & Motor coaches

Passenger road motor vehicle designed to seat more than nine persons (including the driver). Statistics also include mini-buses designed to seat more than 9 persons (including the driver).

Vans & Pick-ups (Light goods road vehicle)

Goods road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of not more than 3'500 kg, designed exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. This category also includes pick-ups.

Lorries & Road Tractors (Semi-trailer trucks)

Lorry: Rigid road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. Road tractor: Road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to haul other road vehicles which are not power-driven (mainly semi-trailers). Agricultural tractors are excluded.

Motorcycles & Mopeds

Motorcycle: Two- or three-wheeled road motor vehicle not exceeding 400 kg (900 lb) of unladen weight. All such vehicles with a cylinder capacity of 50 cc or over are included, as are those under 50 cc which do not meet the definition of moped.

Moped: Two, or three-wheeled road motor vehicle which is fitted with an engine having a cyclinder capacity of less than 50 cc (3.05 cu.in) and a maximum authorized design speed in accordance with national regulations.

MULTIMODAL TRAFFIC COMPARISONS

Inland Waterway (Navigable)

A strech of water, not part of the sea, which by natural or man-made features is suitable for navigation, primary by inland waterway vessels. This term covers navigable rivers, lakes, canals and estuaries.

Tonne-kilometre (Tonne-Km)

Unit of measurement of goods transport which represents the transport of one tonne by road over one kilometre. The distance to be taken into consideration is the distance actually run.

Passenger-kilometre (Passenger-Km)

Unit of measurement representing the transport of one passenger by road over one kilometre. The distance to be taken into consideration is the distance actually travelled by the passenger.

VEHICLES IN USE

Passenger cars

Road motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver). "Passenger car" includes microcars (needing no permit to be driven), taxis, vans designed for transport of passengers and passenger hire cars, provided that they have fewer than ten seats.

Buses & Motor coaches

Passenger road motor vehicle designed to seat more than nine persons (including the driver). Statistics also include mini-buses designed to seat more than 9 persons (including the driver).

Vans & Pick-ups (Light goods road vehicles)

Goods road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of not more than 3'500 kg, designed exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. This category also includes pick-ups.

Lorries & Road Tractors (Semi-trailer trucks)

Lorry: Rigid road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. Road tractor: Road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to haul other road vehicles which are not power-driven (mainly semi-trailers). Agricultural tractors are excluded.

Motorcycles & Mopeds

Motorcycle: Two- or three-wheeled road motor vehicle not exceeding 400 kg (900 lb) of unladen weight. All such vehicles with a cylinder capacity of 50 cc or over are included, as are those under 50 cc which do not meet the definition of moped.

Moped: Two, or three-wheeled road motor vehicle which is fitted with an engine having a cylinder capacity of less than 50 cc (3.05 cu.in) and a maximum authorized design speed in accordance with national regulations.

 

ROAD EXPENDITURES & REVENUES

Investment expenditure on roads

Expenditure on new construction and extension of existing roads, including reconstruction, renewal and major repairs.

Maintenance expenditure on roads

Expenditure for keeping roads in working order. This includes surface maintenance, patching and running repairs /work relating to roughness of carriageway's wearing course, roadsides, etc.).

Others expenditures on roads
Others expenditures on roads, such as, operations, research, administration and so on. Please specify on notes.
Expenditures by administrative level

Sums paid by a way of subvention by the Central Government to a Regional or Local Government, or by the latter to a Municipality. This amount should be shown as expenditure of the Government which is receiving the subvention, so this relates to their responsibility of the road network. If the figures in the table do not refer to the calendar year (January-December), please give the dates of the relevant financial year in the square of notes. If there is a development plan in force in your country, please give an indication of the provisions contained in it regarding roads.


PRODUCTION, IMPORTS, FIRST REGISTRATION AND EXPORT OF MOTOR VEHICLES

Passenger cars

Road motor vehicle, other than a motor cycle, intended for the carriage of passengers and designed to seat no more than nine persons (including the driver). "Passenger car" includes microcars (needing no permit to be driven), taxis, vans designed for transport of passengers and passenger hire cars, provided that they have fewer than ten seats.

Buses & Motor coaches

Passenger road motor vehicle designed to seat more than nine persons (including the driver). Statistics also include mini-buses designed to seat more than 9 persons (including the driver).

Vans & Pick-ups (Light goods road vehicles)

Goods road vehicles with a gross vehicle weight of not more than 3'500 kg, designed exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. This category also includes pick-ups.

Lorries & Road Tractors (Semi-trailer trucks)

Lorry: Rigid road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to carry goods. Road tractor: Road motor vehicle designed, exclusively or primarily, to haul other road vehicles which are not power-driven (mainly semi-trailers). Agricultural tractors are excluded.

Motorcycles & Mopeds

Motorcycle: Two- or three-wheeled road motor vehicle not exceeding 400 kg (900 lb) of unladen weight. All such vehicles with a cylinder capacity of 50 cc or over are included, as are those under 50 cc which do not meet the definition of moped.

Moped: Two, or three-wheeled road motor vehicle which is fitted with an engine having a cylinder capacity of less than 50 cc (3.05 cu.in) and a maximum authorized design speed in accordance with national regulations.

ROAD ACCIDENTS

Injury Accident

Any accident involving at least one road vehicle in motion on a public road or private road to which the public has right of access, resulting in at least one injured or killed person.

Included are: collisions between road vehicles; between road vehicles and pedestrians; between road vehicles and animals or fixed obstacles and with one road vehicle alone. Included are collisions between road and rail vehicles. Multi-vehicle collisions are counted as only one accident provided that any successive collisions happen within a very short time period.

Injury accidents exclude accidents incurring only material damage.

Excluded are terrorist acts.

Person Injured

Any person who as result of an injury accident was not killed immediately or not dying within 30 days, but sustained an injury, normally needing medical treatment, excluding attempted suicides. Persons with lesser wounds, such as minor cuts and bruises are not normally recorded as injured.

Person Killed

Any person killed immediately or dying within 30 days as a result of an injury accident, excluding suicides.

Notes: The main sources of definitions are derived from:

  • Glossary for Transport Statistics, 4th Edition, International Transport Forum, Eurostat and UNECE

  • Connecting East Asia: A new framework for Infrastructure, Asian Development Bank, Japan Bank for International Cooperation and The World Bank

 

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